Heart attack diet plays a crucial role in controlling the heart attack. Post MI, patients should try to include more of unsaturated fats in his diet as it do not increase the level of cholesterol, but reduces it. One can also supplement the diet with essential fatty acids that contains fish oil for maintaining the blood flow by keeping it ‘less sticky’ and also reduces the cholesterol levels. In case the test shows high level of LDL cholesterol, one need to restrict calories, saturated fats, and partially hydrogenated fats. The saturated fats causes increased deposition of cholesterol and it includes food items like ghee, butter, cream, cheese, coconut oil, vegetable oil, lobster, mutton, chicken, pork, hamburgers and many others.
There is production of cholesterol by liver within the body but it is the dietary cholesterol that is deposited more in the arteries as compared to the endogenous cholesterol. The Omega 3 fatty acids found in foods such as olive oil and fish foods protect the endothelium by lowering the bad LDL cholesterol and enhancing the levels of beneficial HDL cholesterol. One can also take fiber rich foods such as grains, fruits & vegetables that result in lowering of blood pressure and LDL cholesterol and increase the HDL level that assists in protecting the endothelial cells. It has been observed that the type and amount of fat in the diet influence the rate of cholesterol production, its deposition in the arterial walls and ultimately the incidence of heart attack
The vegetables in heart attack diet plan includes Boiled vegetable, boiled beans, lentil- 4oz,
boiled Vegetable or green peas. Also, the milk in the heart attack diet includes Butter-milk, Skimmed milk, skimmed milk and cornflakes, Skimmed milk-8oz, Tea or Coffee with skimmed milk, Skimmed milk curd, and others.