As per the statistics, approximately 25% of all myocardial infarctions are silent in nature and they occur without chest pain or any other symptoms. The silent heart attacks can occur in anyone but it is more likely to occur in persons with prior heart attack, diabetes, older women and those prone to strokes. In fact, those individuals who are taking medication regularly can also experience a silent heart attack.
It is difficult to identify the silent heart attack because it does not have more pronounced symptoms and the best way to identify is through careful study of medical history of patients, studying ECG and testing blood for cardiac enzymes. The symptoms of a silent heart attack may include discomfort in your chest, jaws or arms which disappears on resting. An individual may also experience shortness of breath and tiredness.
Once it is detected that a person is undergoing a silent heart attack, the best treatment available is to restore the blood supply back to the heart. In order to restore the blood flow to the patient’s hearts, the clots found in the artery should be dissolved (thrombolysis) or arteries can be pushed open by using a balloon (angioplasty). If required, both the thrombolysis and angioplasty can be performed at the same time.
As per the reports, almost 25 percent of individuals who suffered heart attack and are diabetic, did not feel any of the common warning signs like crushing chest pressure, short breathing, arm pain, weakness, or others. The major issue in the providing the treatment to the individual undergoing silent heart attack is the speed at which the patient receives the treatment. As in the case of a silent heart attack, the patient do not feel the symptoms of the Myocardial infarction, therefore the timing of treatment is crucial for saving the life of the affected person and delay may cause the permanent damaged to the heart.