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Heart Attack and Pain

Heart attack: The heart pain is caused when the heart muscle is found damaged or blocked. The reason for this blockage or damage is regular flow of blood to heart muscles. When someone is diagnosed with blockage or damage in the coronary artery, the person is danger to get heart attack in future.

Heart attack occurs when blood is not properly pumped into heart muscle.

The prime culprit for heart attack is damage caused in coronary arteries. Coronary arteries help to carry oxygen and nutrients to heart muscles. Without ample oxygen and nutrients heart finds difficulty to pump blood to brain. So coronary arteries play a role of a life guard which can save or damage human body. If fat gets accumulated in coronary arteries the wall becomes thick and narrow, this obstructs the blood flow process. If a person is diagnosed with  heart blockage immediate treatment should be provided to avoid heart failure. Blockage remained untreated may cause stroke.

It’s important to take good care of your body and prevent health problems related to vascular disease. A person should be well aware about family history because if someone in family has diabetes or CAD you are at greater risk of heart attack in future.

What causes the blockage in coronary arteries?

  • Regular smoking
  • Consumption of drugs like cocaine.
  • Consumption of unhealthy saturated food.
  • Alcohol.
  • Exposure to cold climate.

The blockage causes pain in the chest and delay in getting the right treatment can increase the pain of the casualty spreading the pain over left shoulders or arms or jaw.

Cause of chest pain- when blood is not pumped into heart muscles through coronary arteries causes the complete blockage or damage of one of the coronary  arteries. When arteries are not getting sufficient blood and oxygen it becomes severely ischemic and the ischemia of the heart muscle leads to continuous chest  pain.

Characteristics of chest pain- the early sign of chest pain is referred as angina pectoris. This condition occurs when blood vessels are diagnosed to be damaged due to uneven flow of blood and oxygen into the heart muscles. The chest pain often spreads out to the shoulders, arms or jaw and can be accompanied by sweating, difficulty in breathing, weakness, vomiting or pain in uppe abdomen.

Treatment for Angina pectoris-  the best treatment to heal the heart trouble is to take rest and sleep for minimum 10 hours daily. However, Glyceryl Trinitrate (500 microgram) is the medically prescribed drug.

Evaluation- The evaluation includes physical examination and right treatment. The doctor will conduct a blood test and ECG to check the condition of the patient. Once the test reports state the cause of the heart pain correct treatment will be given to the casualty. Doctors will find the exact location of blockage and try to remove it. The evaluation of heart trouble must occur rapidly and expeditiously, because early detection can save the life of the casualty. The right treatment and medication can aid the heart patient  to recover soon.

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Heart Attack – Signs and Symptoms

The onset of signs and symptoms in myocardial infarction (MI) varies from one patient to other. It may be gradual that extends over several minutes or it may begin Generic Levitra Professional Online without Prescription instantly. The classic symptoms of a heart attack comprises of chest pain related to shortness of breath, profuse sweating and nausea.

Chest pain is regarded as the most common symptom of AMI and patient may experience a sensation of tightness, squeezing or pressure in the heart. Angina pectoris is the chest pain results from the ischemia of the heart muscle. This pain radiates frequently to the left arm or towards the left side of the neck, lower jaw, right arm, back, and neck. It may also extend to epigastrium that reflects the heartburn.

Shortness of breath (dyspnea) is also another major symptom of Myocardial Infarction. It results due to decreased output of the left ventricle because of damage to the heart. Consequently, it leads to left ventricular failure followed by pulmonary oedema.

Other common symptoms of MI comprises of diaphoresis that refers to excessive form of sweating. Patient may also experience weakness, nausea, vomiting, light-headedness, and palpitations. All these symptoms are induced increase secretion of catecholamines from the sympathetic nervous system in response to pain and to balance the hemodynamic abnormalities resulting from cardiac dysfunction. It may also results in loss of consciousness because of cardiogenic shock and even lead to sudden death because of ventricular fibrillation.

The symptoms of Myocardial Infarction vary in women and men in a way that Women and old persons report more of atypical symptoms as compared to male and younger people. Also, the number of symptoms reported by women exceeds that of men. In fact, the common symptoms of MI in women comprises of fatigue, dyspnea,  and weakness. The chest pain in women is usually less predictive of coronary ischemia as compared to men.

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