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Heart Attack – Signs and Symptoms

The onset of signs and symptoms in myocardial infarction (MI) varies from one patient to other. It may be gradual that extends over several minutes or it may begin Generic Levitra Professional Online without Prescription instantly. The classic symptoms of a heart attack comprises of chest pain related to shortness of breath, profuse sweating and nausea.

Chest pain is regarded as the most common symptom of AMI and patient may experience a sensation of tightness, squeezing or pressure in the heart. Angina pectoris is the chest pain results from the ischemia of the heart muscle. This pain radiates frequently to the left arm or towards the left side of the neck, lower jaw, right arm, back, and neck. It may also extend to epigastrium that reflects the heartburn.

Shortness of breath (dyspnea) is also another major symptom of Myocardial Infarction. It results due to decreased output of the left ventricle because of damage to the heart. Consequently, it leads to left ventricular failure followed by pulmonary oedema.

Other common symptoms of MI comprises of diaphoresis that refers to excessive form of sweating. Patient may also experience weakness, nausea, vomiting, light-headedness, and palpitations. All these symptoms are induced increase secretion of catecholamines from the sympathetic nervous system in response to pain and to balance the hemodynamic abnormalities resulting from cardiac dysfunction. It may also results in loss of consciousness because of cardiogenic shock and even lead to sudden death because of ventricular fibrillation.

The symptoms of Myocardial Infarction vary in women and men in a way that Women and old persons report more of atypical symptoms as compared to male and younger people. Also, the number of symptoms reported by women exceeds that of men. In fact, the common symptoms of MI in women comprises of fatigue, dyspnea,  and weakness. The chest pain in women is usually less predictive of coronary ischemia as compared to men.

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