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Causes of Heart Attack

Heart attack is the main culprit in killing men and women of America. When damage is diagnosed in coronary artery heart attack occurs. The inner wall of coronary artery is buildup by material called plaque. When a section of plaque breaks and eventually causes blood clot. Heart attack occurs when blood clot becomes big enough to stop the flow of oxygen and blood to heart muscles. In human body coronary arteries play the role of transporter, which helps to transfer the blood and oxygen into heart muscles and make sure heart beat is normal.

The blockage prevents the oxygen-rich blood to flow into the heart muscles and this result in damage of heart muscles. If this blockage is not treatment on time then heart muscles begins to die.

Microvascular disease also causes heart attack, this trouble occurs  when very small microscopic blood vessels of the heart are found damaged. According to medical observation this cause is more common in women than in men.

Heart attack is also caused when spasm of a coronary artery becomes tight  and cuts off the blood flow and no blood is transported into heart muscles. The formation of spasm of coronary artery is caused due to-

  1. Regular smoking
  2. Consumption of drugs like cocaine.
  3. Consumption of unhealthy food.
  4. Alcohol.
  5. Exposure to cold climate.

The blockage causes pain chest and if the pain is left untreated for a few hours, heart muscles can die and lead to harmful effects. It’s clear that heart attack is a life threatening disease. And every year millions of American  citizens lose their life in hand of heart attack under wrong diagnose or no treatment in the golden hour.

Risk factors for heart attack–

There are certain risk factors which make a person more prone to heart attack and develop arterial blockages.

  1. Over weight- if you like junk food like fries, burgers, pizza with extra cheese and consume fizz drinks you are more likely to face the heart troubles. It’s important to keep checking our body weight to make the threat  fade away. Try to avoid saturated fat as it helps to raise your bad cholesterol level. Here is the example of food rich in saturated fat-

Animal and daily products: beef, pork, cheese, cakes, chocolate etc.

All of the above mentioned food put your life at risk of heart attack.

2. Age- heart attack risk increase in women after menopause or women older than 55 and for men the age is reported as 45 or older. If you are reaching the mentioned age go for a check-up as you are more likely to develop CAD.

3. Hereditary- your life has a threat of heart attack if an immediate family member who is 45 or younger has fallen under heart attack.

4.  Smoking- it’s the major culprit in killing people, smoking is not beneficial for our health it damages the arteries and stops the blood flow.

5. Diabetes- if you or immediate family member has diabetes, they are more likely to face heart troubles in future. To avoid the future threat make healthy changes in your lifestyle.

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Early Signs of Heart Attack

Heart troubles can be managed with right treatment and healthy changes into your lifestyle. Read the article to know the symptoms of the heart attack and learn about then, so that you can monitor and control the future risk before they get worse.

Symptom in men:

  • Chest Pain: is the most common heart attack symptom in men. If you notice someone rubbing their chest continuously and felling tired; they should be immediately taken into emergency. So, that he is treated with aspirin, beta-blockers, or heart medication.
  • Indigestion: pain in upper abdomen or indigestion can also cause heart attack.
  • Pain in other Body Parts: The chest pain can extend to other body parts if not taken care on earlier level. Patient with heart attack may experience –pain in shoulder, arms, back, teeth or jaw pain. It’s noticed that sometimes chest pain is very low as compared to shoulder, or back pain. These pains should not be neglected and patience should be taken into emergency.
  • Breathing trouble:  when heart victim  is unable to breath and felling fatigue it’s time to call emergency number.
  • Sweating: cold sweat is the cause for heart attack which should not be neglected. Sometimes due to continuous sweating a person might faint. It’s important for a heart victim to stay awake till medical help arrive. Staying awake improves the chances of fighting heart attack.

Symptoms in women:

According to medical observation women heart attack symptoms are different  as compared to men. The study observed that there are three common heart attack symptoms inwomen were- breathing trouble, disturbance in sleep, and unusual fatigue. It was also observed that 43% of women did not have chest pain during their entire heart attack.

Here are some common symptoms found prior to heart attack- not able to sleep properly in night, indigestion, unusual fatigue, breathing troubles, burning sensation in upper abdomen, feeling tired  and anxiety.

Symptoms during the heart attack-

  • Cold sweat,
  • Dizziness,
  • Vomiting,
  • Restlessness,
  • Weakness and
  • Difficulty in breathing.

Women heart attack symptoms should be carefully studied as their symptoms are different from men. It was noted that majority of women heart victims are not carefully diagnosed and receive wrong treatment. This places the victim into hour of pain and less likely to restore life.

You cannot control the above mentioned signs of heart attack. Here is the list of few early signs which can be controlled by you and fight back heart troubles.

  • Age- If you are reaching the age of 45 for men and 55 for women go for a check-up as you are more likely to develop CAD.
  • Hereditary- if an immediate family member who is 45 or  younger has fallen under heart attack there might be the risk of heart attack to your life as well.
  • Smoking- quit smoking to reduce the chances of heart troubles.
  • Diabetes- if you or immediate family member has diabetes, they are more chance of you to face heart troubles in future.
  • Control your weight- if you follow a healthy eating habits you can fight health problems easily.
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Heart Attack

A heart attack is also scientifically known as a myocardial infarction. The heart attack trouble is caused when the heart muscle is found damaged or dead. Now you might ask why this happens. The reason for this damage is that heart muscle is not getting enough blood to the coronary arteries. When someone is diagnosed with heart attack this means the person’s heart has a blockage in the coronary arteries.

Heart attack occurs when blood is not properly pumped into heart  muscle. This process slowly damages the heart muscle leading to a serious heat troubles or sometime life is at danger.

The prime cause for heart attack is damage in coronary arteries. Coronary arteries are the mode of transport for oxygen and nutrients supplied to  heart muscles. Without ample oxygen and nutrients heart finds difficulty to pump blood to human body. So coronary arteries are like a life guard which can save or damage human life. If fat gets accumulated in coronary arteries the wall becomes thick and trouble the blood flow process. If a person is diagnosed with heart blockage immediate treatment should be provided to avoid heart attack. If blockage is not removed on time then it may cause stroke. When blood is not properly flowing in human body and this damage’s the arteries which supply blood to brain and part of brain gets damaged. When brain does not receive ample blood it will not be able to perform any activity and will restrict the body movements.

It’s important to take good care of your body and prevent health problems related to vascular disease. A person should be well informed about family history because if someone in your family has diabetes or vascular disease you are more prone to such troubles. However, these factors can be taken care by following healthy lifestyle.

To avoid the risk of heart attack follow simple steps mentioned below-

  1. Avoid alcohol:  there is a difference between occasionally drinking and daily drinking. Daily drinking habit can lead to heart troubles whereas limited or occasional drinking can bay the heat attack.
  2. Stop smoking: to enjoy a long and happy life stop smoking. Ask your doctor to help you stop smoking my following a no-smoking plan.
  3. Eat healthy: to avoid any health trouble doctors recommend balanced diet plan. Avoid cooking with more salt;  do not buy prepared or frozen food because it is high in sodium. Carefully study your calories intake and try to cut down the food items which are high on calories.
  4. Follow workout regime: it’s important to exercise daily for at least 30-45 minutes. Regular workout regime helps you strengthen your cardiovascular system and help you to stay fit. Daily exercise also helps you to lower your blood pressure and reduce LDL cholesterol in your body.

It’s always advised to go for regular check-ups, so that if any heart issues are noticed they can be treated on time name propecia buy to avoid heart attack. To avoid heart attack try to eat healthy, drink plenty of water and regularly go for walks.  It’s important to follow the healthy regime to avoid health diseases.

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Symptoms of Heart Attack.

Heart troubles should never be ignored. In certain cases heart troubles left undiagnosed may cause heart attack. People are aware of what heart attack is however they don’t know the actual symptoms of heart attack. The symptom of heart attack may vary from individual to individual. Everyone does not experience the same heart symptoms at the same severity.

Heart attack symptoms in women

According to National Institute of Health’s recent study women heart attack symptoms are different as compared to men. The study observed that there are three common heart attack symptoms in women were- breathing trouble, disturbance in sleep, and unusual fatigue. It was also observed that 43% of women did not have chest pain during their entire heart attack.

Here are some common symptoms found prior to heart attack- not able to sleep properly in night, indigestion or abdominal discomfort, unusual fatigue, breathing troubles, burning sensation in upper abdomen  and anxiety.

Symptoms during the heart attack-

Continues cold sweat, dizziness, vomiting, restlessness, weakness and not able to breadth properly.

Women heart attack symptoms should be carefully studied as their symptoms are different from men. According to reports, women’s symptoms are not carefully diagnosed; it was  noted that women are far less likely to receive the correct heart attack prevention medications. This places them into more danger and less likely to restore the life. The hour of pain is known as golden hour proper and correct treatment should be provided to save women’s life.

If you are a woman or you know any women please let them know about the symptoms of heart attack to receive the right medication.

Heart attack symptom in men

  • Chest Pain: is the most common heart attack symptom in men. A patient might be found rubbing his chest continuously; he should be immediately taken into emergency. So, that he is treated with aspirin, beta-blockers, or correct heart medication.
  • Indigestion: pain in upper abdomen or indigestion can also cause heart attack.
  • Pain in other Body Parts: The chest pain can extend to other body parts if not taken care on earlier level. Patient with heart attach may experience -Shoulder, arms, back, teeth or jaw pain. It’s noticed that sometimes chest pain is very low as compared to shoulder, back pain. These pains should not be neglected and immediate medication should be taken.
  • Breathing trouble:  when blood is not able to flow properly in body breathing trouble is the common cause for heart attack.
  • Sweating: continues or cold sweat are the cause for heart attack which should not be neglected. Sometimes dues to continuous sweating a person might faint.

It’s observed that men are likely to neglect heart troubles, which lead to serious heart issues in future. Both men or women should never neglect the health troubles, they should always discus the issue with there doctor to avoid future complications. Survey states that heart attack remains the number one reason for both men and women to raise the death toll. It is found that majority of women neglect their heart troubles leading to sudden death.

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Heart Attack and Cholesterol

The blood cholesterol  levels are directly associated with the occurrence of the heart attack. The high blood Cholesterol Level leads to the blockade of arteries and results in insufficient blood flow. It also aids in the formation of atherosclerosis plaque. Naturally, the occurrence of cholesterol is found in all foods of animal origin and it is controlled by various factors including the amount absorbed from food, the rate of catabolism, rate of excretion in the bile, Intestinal absorption of bile acids and equilibrium between plasma and tissue.

The blood cholesterol numbers acts as the best indicators of cholesterol level in body. The blood cholesterol level plays a major role in the occurrence of heart attack and High level of blood cholesterol is considered as the major risk factors for heart attack.

When there are high levels of cholesterol in the blood then it slowly builds up in the walls of the arteries. With passage of time, this leads to hardening of the arteries and they become narrowed. This results in obstruction in the blood flow to the heart. This blood carries oxygen to the heart, and its insufficiency leads to chest pain due to death of myocardial tissues. If case, the blood supply to the heart is blocked completely, it results in a heart attack. The High blood cholesterol level does not present any symptoms in the earlier stages and that is the reason that people are not aware off high cholesterol level.

In the chronic stages, the high cholesterol symptoms are observed in many other organs. It is important to lower the cholesterol levels as it helps in reducing the risk for developing heart disease and chances of a heart attack. It is crucial for everyone to lower the cholesterol no matter the age of the person.

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Heart Attack – Signs and Symptoms

The onset of signs and symptoms in myocardial infarction (MI) varies from one patient to other. It may be gradual that extends over several minutes or it may begin Generic Levitra Professional Online without Prescription instantly. The classic symptoms of a heart attack comprises of chest pain related to shortness of breath, profuse sweating and nausea.

Chest pain is regarded as the most common symptom of AMI and patient may experience a sensation of tightness, squeezing or pressure in the heart. Angina pectoris is the chest pain results from the ischemia of the heart muscle. This pain radiates frequently to the left arm or towards the left side of the neck, lower jaw, right arm, back, and neck. It may also extend to epigastrium that reflects the heartburn.

Shortness of breath (dyspnea) is also another major symptom of Myocardial Infarction. It results due to decreased output of the left ventricle because of damage to the heart. Consequently, it leads to left ventricular failure followed by pulmonary oedema.

Other common symptoms of MI comprises of diaphoresis that refers to excessive form of sweating. Patient may also experience weakness, nausea, vomiting, light-headedness, and palpitations. All these symptoms are induced increase secretion of catecholamines from the sympathetic nervous system in response to pain and to balance the hemodynamic abnormalities resulting from cardiac dysfunction. It may also results in loss of consciousness because of cardiogenic shock and even lead to sudden death because of ventricular fibrillation.

The symptoms of Myocardial Infarction vary in women and men in a way that Women and old persons report more of atypical symptoms as compared to male and younger people. Also, the number of symptoms reported by women exceeds that of men. In fact, the common symptoms of MI in women comprises of fatigue, dyspnea,  and weakness. The chest pain in women is usually less predictive of coronary ischemia as compared to men.

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Heart Attack – Causes

The probability of the Heart attack is higher in individuals that undergo intense exertion including both the psychological stress and physical exertion. It is more pronounced where the exertion is more intense than the level of the individual performance. In fact, the period of intense exercise and subsequent recovery is associated with six fold higher myocardial infarction rate as compared with relaxed time frames for people who are physically fit. This rate of myocardial infarction increases to 35-fold higher in persons with poor physical condition. It happens because of the increased arterial pulse pressure during the stretching and relaxation of arteries with every heart beat. This led to the increased mechanical “shear stress” on atheromas leading to plaque rupture.

Another major cause of heart attack is the acute severe infection like pneumonia that can trigger myocardial infarction. The link between Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection and atherosclerosis is under study. The atherosclerotic plaques are found to contain this intracellular organism but this evidence is not conclusive to become a causative factor. Also, the treatment of patients with antibiotics does not lead to decreased risk of heart attacks or any other coronary diseases.

The timing of heart attack also varies as per the circadian rhythm. It has been observed that there is increased incidence of heart attack in the morning hours and in particular at 9 am. Some investigators opined the fact that the ability of platelets to aggregate changes as per the circadian rhythm. Others have theorized that this increased incidence of heart attack in morning hours might be related to the circadian variation in production of Cortisol. This in turn affects the concentrations of different cytokines and various mediators of inflammation. The study of the causes of the incidence of Myocardial Infarction can helps the individuals to remain alert of any symptoms and take preventive measures.

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